The Kuriki method>in English>§13
THE FOX AND THE GRAPES
<AESOP'S FABLES; Project Gutenberg, transl. V. S. Vernon Jones>
A hungry Fox saw some fine bunches of Grapes hanging from a vine that was trained along a high trellis, and did his best to reach them by jumping as high as he could into the air. But it was all in vain, for they were just out of reach: so he gave up trying, and walked away with an air of dignity and unconcern, remarking, "I thought those Grapes were ripe, but I see now they are quite sour."
§13 - §17
Rationalization (psychoanalytic term, psychological term)
The Kuriki method considers tic disorder as a mechanism of repression. Repression is done with a mechanism of watching something else in order not to watch a thing. It is a paradox because we need to watch this thing in order not to watch it; this paradox will be resolved, if the Unconscious watches this thing and prevents the Conscious from watching it. The problem is that the Unconscious has to watch this thing all the time. Tic disorder has an unconscious function that selects something arbitrarily with an arbitrary reason, (reason; why this thing). In the Kuriki method, this function is called rationalization. §13 - §17, the descriptions are intended to explain these three points.
1. The muscle for an appearance of tic is selected arbitrarily, and the tic movement has no meaning as an expression. (The upper layer).
2. An execution of tic movement is always accompanied by a false reason. (The upper layer).
3. Operations of the repression of bodily sensations are used for repressions of the mass of emotion. The repression of the lower layer by the existence of the upper layer is a double structure of rationalization. An upper layer is arbitrarily selected from tic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, etc., on the same lower layer. The rationalization on the lower layer makes an upper layer, which is a false disturbance that can be seen as quite other thing than the mass of emotion. The repression of mental cause is done with physical symptoms. The KV is the other thing that hides the mass of emotion. (The lower layer).
Rationalization is a term of psychoanalysis and also of psychology, and there is a big difference between the rationalization in Freud's psychoanalysis and the rationalization in the Kuriki method. First, §13 is a description of the rationalization in psychoanalysis of Freud. In this section, the word "reason" means the reason that justifies an act, and that answers the question "why".
Rationalization in Freudian psychoanalysis
From 1923, Sigmund Freud expressed the structure of neurosis in his theory of the metapsychology. The representation of the components of the Unconscious is only a way to describe functional tendencies of the Unconscious. This structure is a representation of the functions of the mind, using a virtual visualization, however, at the same time, it is important to consider that these elements really exist. Also, it is a mental structure only for treatments of neurosis, and this structure does not make sense in a generalization; i. e., the word "Ego" has meaning only in treatments of neurosis. As it would be ridiculous to put a traffic light in the middle of a desert, the mental structure of psychoanalysis has no meaning for (healthy) minds without physical symptoms of neurosis.
This structure was a representation to explain clearly the manner of cure of neurosis to patients, who knew nothing about psychoanalysis in Freud's day. Clear understanding from the part of patients about Freudian therapy was a tool of Freudian therapy.
The Id (das Es)
In the area of the Unconscious (das Unbewußte), there are the Ego (das Ich),
the Super-ego (das Über-Ich) and the Id (das Es). In German, "ich" is personal pronoun, first person, subject, human, and "es" is personal pronoun, third person, here as subject, neutral. The personal pronoun of the neutral third person is not only for a thing; for example, the words child das Kind and little girl das Mädchen are neutral. Das Ich and das Es are nouns, and their datives are not dem dem Mir and dem Ihm. In English translations, a Latin personal pronoun "id" is used. "id" is the neutral form of "is (masculine)". The word "das Es" had already been used by Nietzsche for the unconscious part of the psychic structure, as a noun rather than an adjective (adverb). The Id is completely unconscious and very bodily. Therefore also the Ego must be bodily. The corporality of the Id is the central concept of psychoanalysis.
The Ego (das Ich)
It is important to understand that a large part of the Ego is in the domain of the Unconscious. If there are the Super-ego and the Id in the Unconscious, and if their effects appear in the Conscious, there must be a central component that receives the Superego and the Id in the Unconscious. The Ego is the "relationship" between the Id and the Super-ego, and repression, rationalization, etc.., are functions of the Ego. Neurosis is a disease of the Ego of how to receive the Super-ego and the Id in the Unconscious. The Ego is a purely theoretical component. For conscious thinkings, it is the small conscious part of the Ego that thinks such as : "This man plays piano very well like Thelonious Monk !!" for example, and it is not the large unconscious part of the Ego. The Ego is not just only this small "I" who thinks like that, but the combination with the big component that makes "I" think like that. The understanding of theories of mental structure in the psychoanalysis is not Intuitive. If understanding is only un intuitive understanding, understanding of theories of mental structure will be something "difficult", just like logarithmic calculation.
The Conscious in the Kuriki method
In the Kuriki method, the term "the Ego" is not used, because the non-intuitive understanding of the word "the Ego" is not necessary in this treatment of tic disorder. As the word "the Ego" is not used, the word "the Id" is not used either, and the Super-ego is the tendency of the function of the repression. The Conscious, the Libido, the Super-ego and the body are the components of the structure. The outside world is a outside world in the inner world, and this can often be illusory. We must clearly draw the boundary line between the Conscious and the Unconscious, and "I" is the Conscious, and the Unconscious is the existence of someone else. It is also possible to imagine that the Unconscious is the other person in a double personality. The Unconscious is to be assumed such like : "it seems there is another person", and "I" has no right to enter the Unconscious as getting a new title, "the Ego". However, the psychoanalysis is just only a way of thinking to cure neurosis, and it is a small field of science, not a philosophy that says the human mind has two personalities. This theory of mental structure is only an expression to better understand how to cure tic disorder.
Freudian rationalization, interpreted in the manner of the Kuriki method.
Let's think about the Freudian rationalization without using the Ego. Aesop's "Sour Grapes" is the story of a fox, that is alone. There is no one around him. After several attempts to reach some grapes in vain, the Unconscious wants the Conscious to give up and go away, but it may affect the repressed feeling of inferiority. The Unconscious uses a rationalization. The Conscious decides to give up, with a thought that comes to mind, such as; "Very often these grapes are sour." Maybe Aesop wants to say that sometimes we give up an attractive person as thinking; "the character is not good." A whatever reason (a motive, a purpose) is needed so that the Conscious does a conscious act. When the Unconscious wants the Conscious to do an act and if the reason could incur an object of repression, the Unconscious finds a false reason. A false reason, which is extremely infantile. The Super-ego let this false reason pass through the gate. The act of an unconscious reason can not be consciously done without being accompanied by any conscious reason. The Conscious of the fox knows that he has not tasted these grapes yet, and that the false reason is irrational. For the profit of the Super-ego, false reasons are useful for repression. For this fox, the object of repression is not only the fact of not being able to reach these grapes, but the feeling of inferiority to the fact of not being able to reach these grapes, and furthermore the existence of the feeling of inferiority in general. A false reason, such as ; "These grapes can satisfy the gourmet", is justified and passes the Super-ego, and the act of going away will be done. For the Libido,
the act of going away is a liberation from the suffering of fatigue, and for the Super-ego, the act of going away is a repression of inferiority complex. Rationalization is a conspiracy of the Libido and the Super-ego. The Conscious is tricked by the cunning of the Libido and the Super-ego. The feeling of inferiority of the fox is repressed by means of a rationalization. A false reason is chosen arbitrarily among several possibilities; it can be also : "Because there are worms." or "Because there will be other foxes who want to eat these grapes.", etc.
The word "rationalization" makes sense only for neurosis patients. The neurosis patients are people who have physical symptoms. It is regrettable that often, like Anna Freud, rationalization is described, as a defense by the Ego (reality principle) against the Id (pleasure principle, want grapes), with healthy psychological structure by people who do not know that psychoanalysis is only for treatments of neurosis. An extremely trivial psychology, that even children already know, was named "defense mechanisms" with a list of normals behaviors of very healthy persons. As the daughter of her father, with the name of Anna Freud, her psychology can be taken for a psychoanalytic theory. Without any intention to stand on the extension of her father, Anna Freud made books to teach a very few people who need to read books in order to understand normal healthy psychology, that everyone knows without reading books. In addition, if, in descriptions of psychoanalysis by various psychologists, descriptions of the defense mechanisms of Anna Freud has been mixed, as the corporeality of the Id and the corporeality of the Ego may have been ignored, no-specialized readers in psychoanalysis should be careful.
As tic is a mechanism of the Unconscious, when people who have tic disorder or the parents of children who have tic disorder read descriptions of the Kuriki method, their Unconscious will prevent their Conscious to read. This resistance can appear in their Conscious as criterias for the validity of the theory, which block their effort to read: such as grammatical errors, typographical errors, errors of translation, etc. "I don't read it, because there are typographical errors"; this consideration can be a sign of the effect of the Kuriki method. (However, it is very important to read the Kuriki method as slowly as possible. Also, as the understanding is an understanding of the reader, the Kuriki method can be a simple suggestion of orientation to cure tic disorder by her or himself, and the reader can make her or his own reasoning in that direction. )